JavaScript / jQuery: Hide/show fields

With SharePoint we use a lot of lists and libraries to store and share information, we add and change this information with the help of forms. In most cases we create one form with all the information required for the content. Even if not all the information is required for all types of content or if it depends on a phase or status. With the help of jQuery and JavaScript we can create a more dynamic form that will hide/show fields based on selected values of fields. Make sure to disable the quick option, otherwise user will be able to edit the field outside of the provided solution.

SharePoint 2013/Online: Disable Quick edit

  1. Open the list or library settings
  2. Open the Advanced settings
  3. Set Quick Edit to No

SharePoint 2010: Disable Datasheet editing

  1. Open the list or library settings
  2. Open the Advanced settings
  3. Set Datasheet to No

JavaScript: New Form

  1. Open your favorite JavaScript Editor.
  2. Create a new JavaScript file called NewFormHideShow.js
  3. Add the following base code to the JavaScript file.

    $( document ).ready(function() {
       
    }
    );
  4. The first step is to hide the columns. Find the display names of the field that need to be hidden. Note that you need the name located in the HTML nobr tag.
  5. You can use a DOM explorer to find the correct names.
  6. For each field add the following code.
    $('nobr:contains("[Field Name]")').closest('tr').hide(); 
    
  7. In my example I hide two fields, Finalized Date and Finalized By. My example code for the document ready function is shown below.
    $(document).ready(function()
       {
          $('nobr:contains("Finalized Date")').closest('tr').hide(); 
          $('nobr:contains("Finalized By")').closest('tr').hide();
       });
    
  8. The second step is to make the function that hides or shows the fields depended on the selected value.
  9. Add the following code to the JavaScript.
    (function($){
       function showHideRegionLocation() 
       {
          var FeedbackMatchingValue = 'Final';
    
          var thisDiv = $("select[title='Status']"); 
          var mmFieldValue = thisDiv.find("option:selected").text();
    		
          $('nobr:contains("Finalized Date")').closest('tr').hide(); 
          $('nobr:contains("Finalized By")').closest('tr').hide();
    			
          if (mmFieldValue.indexOf(FeedbackMatchingValue) > -1) 
          {
             $('nobr:contains("Finalized Date")').closest('tr').show(); 
             $('nobr:contains("Finalized By")').closest('tr').show();
          } 					
       }
    
  10. Set the var FeedbackMatchingValue to the value which will show the hidden fields.
  11. Set the var thisDiv to the name of the Field that is used to show/hide the fields. Note that different types are just for different columns example Select or Input.
  12. Add the hide and Show codes. The code hides or show the table row (tr).
  13. Add the final function to the code. This part makes sure the functions runs when a users selects and/or reselects the option.
    $(document).ready(function() {
       $("select[id^='Status'").on('blur', showHideRegionLocation).on('change', showHideRegionLocation);
       });
    })(window.jQuery);
  14. Change the value after id^ to the field that contains the value on which field are being shown/hidden.
  15. The final code looks like this.
    $(document).ready(function()
       {
          $('nobr:contains("Finalized Date")').closest('tr').hide(); 
          $('nobr:contains("Finalized By")').closest('tr').hide();
    });
    
    (function($){
       function showHideRegionLocation() 
       {
       var FeedbackMatchingValue = 'Final';
       
       var thisDiv = $("select[title='Status']"); 
       var mmFieldValue = thisDiv.find("option:selected").text();
    		
       $('nobr:contains("Finalized Date")').closest('tr').hide(); 
       $('nobr:contains("Finalized By")').closest('tr').hide();
    			
       if (mmFieldValue.indexOf(FeedbackMatchingValue) > -1) 
       {
          $('nobr:contains("Finalized Date")').closest('tr').show(); 
          $('nobr:contains("Finalized By")').closest('tr').show();
       } 	
    }
    
    $(document).ready(function() {
       $("select[id^='Status'").on('blur', showHideRegionLocation).on('change', showHideRegionLocation);
       });	
    })(window.jQuery);
    

JavaScript: Edit Form

  1. The edit form is almost completely the same, only the last function is different.
  2. Open your favorite JavaScript Editor.
  3. Create a new JavaScript file called EditFormHideShow.js
  4. Follow the steps 3 – 12 from the chapter JavaScript: New Form.
  5. Add the final function to the code. This part makes sure the functions runs when a users selects and/or reselects the option.
    $(document).ready(function() {
       setTimeout(function() {
          showHideRegionLocation();
       }, 1000);
       $("select[id^='Status'").on('blur', showHideRegionLocation).on('change', showHideRegionLocation);
       });	
    })(window.jQuery);
    
  6. Change the value after id^ to the field that contains the value on which field are being shown/hidden.
  7. The final code looks like this.
    $(document).ready(function()
       {
          $('nobr:contains("Finalized Date")').closest('tr').hide(); 
          $('nobr:contains("Finalized By")').closest('tr').hide();
    });
    
    (function($){
       function showHideRegionLocation() 
       {
       var FeedbackMatchingValue = 'Final';
       
       var thisDiv = $("select[title='Status']"); 
       var mmFieldValue = thisDiv.find("option:selected").text();
    		
       $('nobr:contains("Finalized Date")').closest('tr').hide(); 
       $('nobr:contains("Finalized By")').closest('tr').hide();
    			
       if (mmFieldValue.indexOf(FeedbackMatchingValue) > -1) 
       {
          $('nobr:contains("Finalized Date")').closest('tr').show(); 
          $('nobr:contains("Finalized By")').closest('tr').show();
       } 	
    }
    $(document).ready(function() {
       setTimeout(function() {
          showHideRegionLocation();
       }, 1000);
       $("select[id^='Status'").on('blur', showHideRegionLocation).on('change', showHideRegionLocation);
       });	
    })(window.jQuery);

Adding JavaScript to a form

  1. Open the edit and/or new form of the list.
  2. Set the form in edit mode
  3. Add the Script Editor Web Part to the page
  4. Edit the SNIPPET and add the following code.

    <script src="../../SiteAssets/System/jquery-3.1.1.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script> 
    <script src="../../SiteAssets/System/EditFormHideShow.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    
  5. Insert the code en Stop editing the form.
  6. Save the custom JavaScript HideColumns and the jQuery script in the correct location.
  7. The JavaScript will now run and hide or shows the field based on the selected value of the field Status.

 

JavaScript / jQuery: Set fields to read only

With SharePoint we use a lot of lists and libraries to store and share information. But not every bit of information needs to be managed/changed by users. Sometimes a workflow or code is responsible for the information. With default SharePoint it is not possible to set field to read only,  but with the help of jQuery and JavaScript we can. We can add JavaScript to the new and or edit form and disable (read only) any field we want. Make sure to disable the quick option, otherwise user will be able to edit the read only field using this feature.

SharePoint 2013/Online: Disable Quick edit

  1. Open the list or library settings
  2. Open the Advanced settings
  3. Set Quick Edit to No

SharePoint 2010: Disable Datasheet editing

  1. Open the list or library settings
  2. Open the Advanced settings
  3. Set Datasheet to No

Creating the JavaScript

  1. Open your favorite JavaScript Editor
  2. Create a new JavaScript file called HideColumns.js
  3. Add the following base code to the JavaScript file
    // A $( document ).ready() block.
    $( document ).ready(function() {
       
    }
    );
    
  4. Now you need to get the display names of the fields you need to set to read only (disable). Note that you need the correct name of the input, select, text area etc fields. Make sure you do not select the label of the field.
  5. You can use a DOM explorer to find the correct type of fields and the corresponding name. Note that different types are just for different columns
  6. In this example I selected the Multiple Lines of text field
  7. The selected code is
  8. In this code you are able to find the name: Multiple Lines
  9. And the type of field: textarea
  10. Do this for all the fields you need disable
  11. In my example I will disable the following fields
    Name Column Type Input field type
    Multiple Lines Multiple lines of text Textarea
    Title Single line of text Input
    Date Date and time Input
    Choice Choice Select
  12. Depended on the type of field different code is required.
  13. For Input and textarea use
    .attr("disabled", "disabled"); 
    
  14. For select we use
    .prop("disabled", true);
    
  15. The final code will look as follows
    // A $( document ).ready() block.
    $( document ).ready(function() {
        jQuery("input[title='Title']").attr("disabled", "disabled"); 
        jQuery("textarea[title='Multiple Lines']").attr("disabled", "disabled");
        jQuery("input[title='Date']").attr("disabled", "disabled"); 	
        jQuery("select[title='Choice']").prop("disabled", true);
        }
    );
    

Adding JavaScript to a form

  1. Open the edit (or new) form of the list.
  2. Set the edit form in edit mode
  3. Add the Script Editor Web Part to the page
  4. Edit the SNIPPET and add the following code

    <script src="../../SiteAssets/System/jquery-3.1.1.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script> 
    <script src="../../SiteAssets/System/HideColumns.js" type="text/javascript"></script> 
    
  5. Insert the code en Stop editing the form.
  6. Save the custom JavaScript HideColumns and the jQuery script in the correct location
  7. The JavaScript will now run and set the required field on read only when the edit form is opened